Archaeology and gender politics reading list

We’d like this bibliography to keep growing – last update 30/04/2017. If you can add something useful then please e-mail us here:

Aitchison, K. and Edwards, R. 2008. Archaeology Labour Market Intelligence: Profiling the Profession 2007-08. Reading: Institute of Field Archaeologists.

Athena SWAN, 2009. Online at: [a charter recognising good employment practice for women working in science, engineering and technology (SET) in higher education and research]

Beck, W. & Balme, J. 1994 Gender in Aboriginal Archaeology: Recent Research. Australian Archaeology 39(Dec 1994): 39-46

Balme, J. and Bulbeck, C. 2008 Engendering Origins: Theories of Gender in Sociology and Archaeology. Australian Archaeology 67(Dec 2008): 3-11.

Balme, J. and Wilson, M. 2004 Perceptions of Archaeology in Australia Amongst Educated Young Australians. Australian Archaeology 58: 19-24.

Bardolph, D., 2014. A Critical Evaluation of Recent Gendered Publishing Trends in American Archaeology. American antiquity, 79(3), pp.522–540.

Battle-Baptiste, W., 2011. Black Feminist Archaeology, Left Coast Press.

Bernick, K. & Zacharias, S.K., 1995. THE STATUS OF WOMEN IN BRITISH COLUMBIA ARCHAEOLOGY. Canadian Journal of Archaeology / Journal Canadien d’Archéologie, 19, pp.79–86.

Blackmore, C., 2011. How to Queer the Past Without Sex: Queer Theory, Feminisms and the Archaeology of Identity. Archaeologies, 7(1), pp.75–96.

Blackmore, C., 2015. Feminist archaeology. The International Encyclopedia of Human Sexuality. Available at:

Bowman, Joann K., and Ulm, Sean (2009) Grants, gender and glass ceilings? An analysis of ARC-funded archaeology projects. Australian Archaeology, 68. pp. 31-36

Brumfiel, E. 1992. Breaking and Entering the Ecosystem—Gender, Class, and Faction Steal the Show. American Anthropologist 94(3):551-567.

CamAWiSE. 2008. Cambridge Association for Women in Science and Engineering. Online at:

Champion, S. 1998. Women in British Archaeology: visible and invisible. In M. Diaz Andreu and M.-L. Stig Sørensen (eds) Excavating Women: A history of women in European archaeology, 175-197. London: Routledge.

Cobb, H. & Croucher, K., 2016. Personal, Political, Pedagogic: Challenging the Binary Bind in Archaeological Teaching, Learning and Fieldwork. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 23(3), pp.949–969.

Conkey, M.W., 2007. Questioning Theory: Is There a Gender of Theory in Archaeology? Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.285–310.

Conkey, M.W. 2003. Has Feminism Changed Archaeology? Signs, 28(3), pp.867–880.

Conkey, M.W. & Gero, J.M., 1997. PROGRAMME TO PRACTICE: Gender and Feminism in Archaeology. Annual review of anthropology, 26(1), pp.411–437.

Conkey, M.W. & Spector, J.D. 1984. Archeology and the study of gender. In M.B. Schiffer (ed) Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 7:1-38.

Conkey, M.W. & Tringham, R.E., 1995. Archaeology and the Goddess: Exploring the Contours of Feminist Archaeology. In D. C. Stanton & A. J. Stewart, eds. Feminisms in the Academy. University of Michigan Press, pp. 199–247.

Cros, H.D., & Smith, Laurajane, 1993. Women in Archaeology: A Feminist Critique. Occasional Papers in Archaeology, 23.

De Leiuen, C., 2014. Gender, Feminist, and Queer Archaeologies: Australian Perspective. In C. Smith, ed. Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer New York, pp. 2961–2968.

Diaz Andreu, M. and Stig Sørensen, M.-L. 1998. Excavating women: towards an engendered history of archaeology. In M. Diaz Andreu and M.-L. Stig Sørensen (eds) Excavating Women: A history of women in European archaeology, 1-30. London: Routledge.

Engelstad, E., 1991. Images of power and contradiction: feminist theory and post-processual archaeology. Antiquity, 65(248), pp.502–514.

Engelstad, E., 2007. Much More than Gender. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.217–234.

EOC. 2006. Facts about women and men in Great Britain. Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission.

Fawcett 2008. The Fawcett Society. Online at: [an essential resource for anyone interested in UK gender politics]

Franklin, M., 2001. A Black feminist-inspired archaeology? Journal of Social Archaeology, 1(1), pp.108–125.

Gaydarska, B. 2009. A brief history of TAG. Antiquity 83, 1152-1162. [some useful gendered statistics here].

Geller, P.L., 2009. Identity and Difference: Complicating Gender in Archaeology. Annual review of anthropology, 38(1), pp.65–81.

Geller, P.L., 2016. This is not a Manifesto: Archaeology and Feminism. In Meta-Philosophical Reflection on Feminist Philosophies of Science. Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer International Publishing, pp. 151–170.

Gero, J.M., 1983. Gender bias in archaeology: A cross-cultural perspective. The socio-politics of archaeology, pp.51–57.

Gero, J.M. 1985. Socio-politics of archaeology and the woman-at-home ideology. American Antiquity 50, 342-350.

Gero, J.M., 1994. Excavation Bias and the Woman at Home Ideology. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association, 5(1), pp. 37–42.

Gero, J.M., 1996. Archaeological Practice and Gendered Encounters with Field Data. In R. P. Wright, ed. Gender and archaeology. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 251–280.

Gero, J. and Root, D. 1991 Public Presentations and Private Concerns: Archaeology in the Pages of National Geographic. In P. Gathercole and D. Lowenthal (eds) The Politics of the Past, pp. 19-37. One World Archaeology Series. London: Unwin-Hyman.

Gilchrist, R., 1991. Women’s archaeology? Political feminism, gender theory and historical revision. Antiquity. Available at:

Gilchrist, R. 1991. Men and women in Archaeology: issues of employment and education. The Field Archaeologist 14, 250-251.

Hays-Gilpin, K., 2000. Feminist Scholarship in Archaeology. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 571(1), pp.89–106.

Hendon, J.A., 2006. Feminist Perspectives and the Teaching of Archaeology: Implications from the Inadvertent Ethnography of the Classroom. In P. L. Geller & M. Stockett, eds. Feminist Anthropology Past, Present, and Future. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 129–142.

HESA. 2008a. Higher Education Statistics Agency: Higher Education Statistics for the UK 1994/95-2000/01. Online at: view&id=801&Itemid=250. [HE statistics for the UK]

HESA. 2008b. Higher Education Statistics Agency: Press Release 118. Online: [proportion of UK female professors in 2006/07 (17.5%), Archaeology was 6.5% below this average].

Hutson, S.R., 2006. Self-Citation in Archaeology: Age, Gender, Prestige, and the Self. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 13(1), pp. 1–18.

Joyce, R.A. & Tringham, R.E., 2007. Feminist Adventures in Hypertext. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.328–358.

Kenyon, K. 1970. Women in academic life: the Galton Lecture (1969). Journal of Biosocial Science Supplement 2, 107-118.

Kus, S., 2006. In the Midst of the Moving Waters: Material, Metaphor, and Feminist Archaeology. In P. L. Geller & M. K. Stockett, eds. Feminist Anthropology Past, Present, and Future. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, pp. 105–114.

Lazzari, M., 2003. Archaeological Visions: Gender, Landscape and Optic Knowledge. Journal of Social Archaeology, 3(2), pp.194–222.

Levy, J.E., 2013. Gender, Feminism, and Heritage. In Heritage in the Context of Globalization. SpringerBriefs in Archaeology. Springer New York, pp. 85–91.

Levy, J.E., 2014. WHAT I BELIEVE: DOING ARCHAEOLOGY AS A FEMINIST. Southeastern Archaeology, 33(2), pp.226–237.

McKell, S.M. 1993 An axe to grind: More ripping yarns from Australian prehistory. In H. du Cros and L. Smith (eds) Women in archaeology : a feminist critique, pp.115-20. Canberra: ANU Press.

McWilliams-Tullberg, R. 1975. Women at Cambridge: A Men’s University – though of a mixed type. London: Victor Gollancz.

Marks, P. 1976. Femininity in the classroom: An account of changing attitudes. In J. Mitchell and A. Oakley (eds) The Rights and Wrongs of Women, 176-198. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Marshall, Y., Roseneil, S. & Armstrong, K., 2009. Situating the Greenham Archaeology: An Autoethnography of a Feminist Project. Public Archaeology, 8(2-3), pp.225–245.

Mate G and Ulm S (2016) Another snapshot for the album: a decade of Australian Archaeology in Profile survey data. Australian Archaeology, 82 (2). pp. 168-183

Meskell, L., 2002. The Intersections of Identity and Politics in Archaeology. Annual review of anthropology, 31(1), pp.279–301.

Morley, L. and Walsh, V. 1996. Breaking boundaries: Women in Higher Education. Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.

Morris, E. (ed.) 1991. Women in British Archaeology. 1990/1 Equal Opportunities in Archaeology Working Party Report. Birmingham: Institute of Field Archaeologists.

Moore, J. and Scott. E. (eds). 1997. Invisible People and Processes: Writing Gender and Childhood into European Archaeology. London: Leicester University Press.

Moser, S., 2007. On Disciplinary Culture: Archaeology as Fieldwork and Its Gendered Associations. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.235–263.

Nelson, M., Nelson, S. and Wylie, A. (eds) Equity Issues for Women in Archaeology (Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 5), 94-97. Arlington (VA): American Anthropological Association.

O’Sullivan, D. 1994. Mapping women’s place in contemporary archaeology. In M. Nelson, S. Nelson, and A. Wylie (eds) Equity issues for women in archaeology (Archaeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 5), 94-97. Arlington (VA): American Anthropological Association.

Perry, E.M. & Joyce, R.A., 2001. Interdisciplinary Applications: Providing a Past for “Bodies That Matter”: Judith Butler’s Impact on the Archaeology of Gender. International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies, 6(1-2), pp.63–76.

Pope, R.E. 2011. Processual archaeology and gender politics: the loss of innocence. Archaeological Dialogues 18(1), 59-86

Roberts, J. 1995. British women archaeologists from 1714-1939. Unpublished MPhil thesis, University of Wales, Cardiff.

Rubio, S.L., 2011. Gender Thinking in the Making: Feminist Epistemology and Gender Archaeology. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 44(1), pp. 21–39.

Smith, C. & Burke, H. 2006. Glass Ceilings, Glass Parasols and Australian Academic Archaeology. Australian Archaeology 62(June 2006): 13-25

Smith, L. 1998. Sand in Our Thongs: Feminism, Theory and Shoelaces. In Redefining Archaeology: Feminist Perspectives. Mary Casey, Denise Donlan, Jeanette Hope, and Sharon Wellfare, eds. PP. 41-45. Canberra: AnH Publications, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.

Sørensen, M.L.S. 1998. Rescue and recovery: on historiographies of female archaeologists. In M. Diaz Andreu and M.-L. Stig Sørensen (eds) Excavating Women: A history of women in European archaeology, 31-60. London: Routledge.

Spector, J., 1991. What This Awl Means: Towards a Feminist Archaeology. In J. Gero & M. W. Conkey, eds. Engendering Archaeology: Women and Prehistory. Oxford: B. Blackwell, pp. 388–406.

Tomášková, S., 2007. Mapping a Future: Archaeology, Feminism, and Scientific Practice. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.264–284.

Tringham, R.E., 1991. Households with Faces: the Challenge of Gender in Prehistoric Architectural Remains. In G. J. Conkey Margaret, ed. Engendering archaeology: women and prehistory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, pp. 93–131.

Tringham, R., editors Brit Solli, I. by N. & Sørensen, M.L.S., 2008. Parallel Lives – An Interview with Ruth Tringham. Norwegian Archaeological Review, 41(1), pp.43–52.

UoC. 2007a. Fact sheet: Women at Cambridge: A Chronology. Online at:

UoC. 2007b. Fact sheet: Women at Cambridge: Academic Performance. Online at:

UoC. 2007c. Women at Cambridge: Employment Figures. Online at:

Ulm, S., Mate, G., Dalley, C. & Nichols, S. 2013. A working profile: The changing face of professional archaeology in Australia.  Australian Archaeology 76 (1):34-43.

Ulm, S., Nichols, S., and Dalley, C. 2013. Australian archaeology in profile: a survey of working archaeologists. In: Jameson, J.H., and Eogan, J., (eds.) Training and Practice for Modern Day Archaeologists. One World Archaeology, 1 . Springer, New York, pp. 31-51

Voss, B.L., 2000. Feminisms, Queer Theories, and the Archaeological Study of Past Sexualities. World archaeology, 32(2), pp.180–192.

WiSETI. 2008. The University of Cambridge Women in Science, Engineering and Technology Initiative. Online at:

Wylie, A. 1993. Workplace issues for women in archaeology: the chilly climate. In H. du Cros and L. Smith (eds) Women in Archaeology: a feminist critique, 245-260. Canberra: Australian National University.

Wylie, A., 1997. The Engendering of Archaeology Refiguring Feminist Science Studies. Osiris, 12, pp.80–99.

Wylie, A., 2007. Doing Archaeology as a Feminist: Introduction. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 14(3), pp.209–216.

Wylie, A., Jakobsen, J.R. and Fosado, G. 2007. Women, Work and the Academy: Strategies for Responding to ‘Post-Civil Rights Era’ Gender Discrimination. Barnard Center for Research on Women. Online at:

Zarmati, L. 1995 Popular archaeology and the archaeologist as hero. In J. Balme and W. Beck (eds) Gendered Archaeology.  Canberra: ANU.